By Bhudeb Chakrabarti
Good leadership consists of motivating people to the highest levels by offering them opportunities, not obligations. ~ Lao Tzu
Nature of Motivation
Motives are expressions of a person’s needs and personality.
Even though you may find it comforting to believe that all your actions are a result of conscious deliberation, but at times, unconscious motivations may lead to actions without your complete awareness or understanding. Your behaviour is controlled on many occasions by external forces, though on many other occasions you may do things based on your discretion, for their intrinsic value.
Motivations are not static in nature. A person may be motivated for one job but when he or she is put for some other job, the same person may not feel motivated. The levels of motivation also vary from person to person.
A leader must understand what gives people the impetus to act in a particular manner to achieve alignment of their goals with his/her own goals.
If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader. – John Quincy Adams
Different theories help us to understand better the concept of motivation: